Professor John HudsonSchool of History

John HudsProfessor John Hudsonon joined the School of History at the beginning of October 1988. His research then concentrated on law and land-holding in twelfth-century England, and this subject has remained central to much of his subsequent work, leading up to his recent volume of The Oxford History of the Laws of England, 871-1216 (2012).  Some of his legal history work plays with the applicability to mediaeval situations of ideas from modern legal theory; this work is furthered by his visiting association with the University of Michigan Law School, where he enjoys the title of William W. Cook Global Law Professor.

John has two other main areas of research interest.  One is mediaeval historical writing, mostly in England – as in his two-volume edition of the History of the Church of Abingdon, an important twelfth-century monastic text – but also more widely, as in his contribution on ‘Local Histories’ in the Oxford History of Historical Writing.  The other is nineteenth-century writing on the Middle Ages, and in particular the work of the greatest of legal historians, F. W. Maitland.

He has taught a wide range of courses both in and outside his main research areas.  In particular he has presented a series of Honours modules about aristocratic culture, the latest mutation of which is called Courtroom Dramas: Law and Literature in Twelfth Century France.

Deputy Director & Postgraduate Convenor

Professor Caroline HumfressSchool of History

Professor Caroline Humfress

Caroline Humfress is Professor in Mediaeval History at the University of St Andrews. Her research focuses on law and legal practice in relation to broader contexts of social, economic and cultural change. Her publications include the monograph Orthodoxy and the Courts in Late Antiquity (Oxford University Press) and the co-authored volume The Late Antique World (now in French translation). She has recently co-edited the volume Law and Empire: Ideas, Practices, Actors (Brill),  in addition to writing numerous ‘introduction to the field’ essays for survey and companion volumes. In 2010 the international impact of her research was recognised with the award of a Philip Leverhulme Prize.

At Birkbeck, University of London, she co-founded the MA in the History of Ideas, for which she taught courses that stretched from the Roman period to the present day, with a particular emphasis on the history of religious and socio-legal thought and action. Before moving to Birkbeck in 2004, she taught history, law and rhetorical theory at UC Berkeley; she has also taught undergraduate and postgraduate courses at the Universities of Oxford and Cambridge.

Her research focuses on the cultural and intellectual context of ancient and mediaeval law and legal practice, exploring methodologies and approaches from the disciplines of legal anthropology, sociology and law. She is currently co-editing the Cambridge Comparative History of Ancient Law (with David Ibbetson of Cambridge University and Patrick Olivelle of the University of Austin at Texas): this project is the first of its kind in the field of Comparative Ancient Legal History, working with an international team of scholars specialising in the fields of Ancient Greek, Roman, Indo-European, Near-Eastern and Chinese Law. She is currently finishing a monograph for Oxford University Press: Multilegalism in Late Antiquity, based on her 2013 ‘Carlyle Lectures’ series at the University of Oxford.

She has taught a wide range of courses from archaic Greece to contemporary intellectual and political thought. In particular she has presented a number of Undergraduate and Postgraduate modules on the religious, cultural and political history of Late Antiquity and the early Middle ages, as well as on the history of ideas (Classical, Medieval and Modern).

Steering Committee

Dr Adam BowerSchool of International Relations


Adam Bower is lecturer in the School of International Relations at the University of St Andrews. He was previously a SSHRC Canada Postdoctoral Fellow in the Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Oxford and a Non-Stipendiary Research Fellow at Nuffield College (2013-2015). From 2012-2013 he was a Max Weber Postdoctoral Fellow at the European University Institute in Florence, Italy.

Adam’s research is concerned with understanding how international law transforms global politics, and how political forces shape the development and efficacy of the law. More specifically, he examines how legal institutions – especially multilateral treaties – shape the conduct of actors by instantiating new social expectations about appropriate behaviour (norms) in the international system. Empirically, he explores this theme principally in the fields of disarmament and international humanitarian and criminal law. His teaching interests are informed by this broad research agenda, and span IR theory, international law, and international organizations and governance.

 Dr Alex Davis, School of English


Alex Davis received his BA from the University of Oxford, and an MA and PhD from the University of London. His doctoral research dealt with representations of chivalry in sixteenth- and seventeenth-century culture and how these have subsequently figured in attempts to present the ‘early modern’ period as a break with the medieval past.

Alex works on the literature and culture of the English Renaissance. His research has focused on romance, popular culture, and on the prose fiction of the period. He has a particular interest in the Renaissance sense of the past and the question of the period’s relationship with both classical antiquity and the Middle Ages. He is the author of two books: Chivalry and Romance in the English Renaissance (2003) and Renaissance Historical Fiction (2011). Alex is a participant in the British Academy funded research network on ‘Seventeenth Century Fiction: Text and Transmission’.


Sheriff Lorna Drummond, QC

LDrummondLorna Drummond was admitted as a solicitor in 1993 and employed as Assistant Scottish Parliamentary Counsel and Assistant Legal Secretary to the Scottish Law Officers before being called to the Bar in 1998. She developed a wide practice in administrative and constitutional law, immigration, extradition, mental health, planning and commercial law.

From 2002 to 2007 she was appointed Standing Junior to the Home Department and instructed in immigration and human rights cases. In 2007 she was appointed by the Foreign Office as Crown Counsel for a British Overseas Territory dealing with criminal, employment and administrative law. She returned to practice at the Scottish Bar in January 2009 and took up appointments as Standing Junior Counsel to the Scottish Government and Part Time Sheriff.

She was appointed ad hoc Advocate Depute in 2010 and to the Equality and Human Rights Commission Preferred Panel of Counsel in 2011. In 2015 she became a full time resident sheriff and in 2015 was appointed Justice of Appeal in the Court of Appeal in the Territories of St Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha.

Professor Colin KiddSchool of History

Kidd1Colin Kidd arrived at the University of St Andrews in the summer of 2012. Originally from Ayr on the other side of Scotland, and taught for over fifteen years at the University of Glasgow and, more recently, had a short spell at Queen’s University Belfast. He relishes the seemingly brighter light and fresher air of Scotland’s east coast, as well as finding St Andrews a remarkably friendly and congenial university in which to work.

His current research focuses on the intellectual history of the English Enlightenment and its nineteenth-century aftermath, particularly in fields such as antiquarianism, mythography and religious apologetic. Eventually, many years hence, these obsessions will intersect with an emerging interest in the history – and prehistory – of British anthropology. He is at his happiest riding these particular hobbyhorses, but I also have a stable of other subjects which fascinate me. These include constitutional theory, British as well as American, and the church history of my native county of Ayrshire in the age of Enlightenment. However, he is alert to the possibility that the parishes of eighteenth-century Fife might yield up treasures of their own to delight the connoisseur of theological controversy. He is also co-organiser , with Professor Gerry Carruthers (Glasgow University), of a Carnegie-funded project on the theme of ‘Literature and Union’, whose workshops and events run 2013-15 http://www.carnegie-trust.org/awards/research-grant-projects/literature-and-the-union.html

Professor Anthony F Lang, JrSchool of International Relations

Anthony F LLang1ang, Jr holds a Chair in International Political Theory in the School of International Relations at the University of St Andrews and is Director of the Centre for Global Constitutionalism. He received his PhD in political science from Johns Hopkins University in 1996. He was an assistant professor of political science at the American University in Cairo, Egypt from 1996-2000. From 2000-2003, he served as a programme officer at the Carnegie Council for Ethics and International Affairs, where he directed programmes on ethics and the use of force, religion and US foreign policy, and ethics in higher education. He has served as president of the International Ethics section of the International Studies Association (2003-2004), programme chair of the Human Rights Section of ISA (2006-2008), and Chair of the International Ethics section Book Prize Committee (2009-2011). He is currently one of the co-editors of the journal, Global Constitutionalism, and serves on the editorial board of the Journal of International Political Theory, and Ethics & International Affairs. He is also commissioning editor of the new series, Global Ethics from Routledge Publishers.

His research focuses on the intersection of ethics, politics, and law at the global level. One stream of this research focuses on global constitutionalism, or how various aspects of the international political and legal order relate to the rule of law and an institutional balance of power. A second stream of research focuses on the responsibility of both individuals and states in the international legal and political order. A third stream focuses on constitutionalism in the Middle East, with particular attention to Egypt and the politics and law of the post-Arab Spring. A fourth stream of research focuses on the ethical and legal issues of the use of military force largely within the framework of the just war tradition.

Dr Myles Lavan, School of Classics

Myles LavanMyles Lavan1‘s main focus is a project to quantify the spread of Roman citizenship in the provinces from Augustus to Caracalla and rethink the history of citizenship in the light of the results. The project is supported by a Leverhulme Trust Research Fellowship (2014-15). He presents the methodology and the preliminary results in an article forthcoming in Past & Present 2016: ‘The spread of
Roman citizenship 14-212 CE: Quantification in the face of high uncertainty’.

Dr Lavan is also working on a commentary on Tacitus Annals 14 with Christopher Whitton and wrapping up a comparative study of elite integration in ancient empires on which he has been collaborating with Richard Payne and John Weisweiler for the past three years. The project has resulted in an edited volume, Cosmopolitanism and empire: Universal rulers, local elites and cultural integration in the ancient Near East and Mediterranean, forthcoming in OUP’sOxford Studies in Early Empires series. He is also working to expand on Slaves to Rome (Cambridge, 2013) with a number of article-length studies further exploring how the Roman elite conceived of their imperial project.

Dr Mateja Peter, School of International Relations


Mateja Peter joined the School of International Relations in September 2015. Previously, she worked as a Senior Research Fellow at the Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (NUPI), where she continues to collaborate on a number of projects. Dr Peter has also held a transatlantic post-doctoral fellowship (TAPIR) at the United States Institute of Peace, the German Institute for International and Security Affairs, and the Norwegian Institute for Defence Studies. She received her PhD from the University of Cambridge.

Dr Peter’s interests include global governance and international organisations, peace operations and peacebuilding, the politics of international law, and IR theory (critical and constructivist approaches, international political sociology). She is interested in both theoretical and policy implications of the shift from short-term to sustained third-party engagements in contemporary interventions. Dr Peter is currently working on a book on international authority in statebuilding and an edited volume on United Nations peace operations in a changing global order.

Professor Nigel Rapport, School of Philosophy, Social Anthropology, Film and Music

Nigel Rapport

Nigel Rapport, MA (Cambridge), PhD (Manchester) holds the Chair of Anthropological and Philosophical Studies in the Department of Social Anthropology, and is currently Head of School of Philosophy, Social Anthropology and Film. He is Founding Director of the Centre for Cosmopolitan Studies (CCS).
Between 2004 and 2007 he held a Canada Research Chair in Globalization, Citizenship and Justice (at Concordia University of Montreal). He has also been a Visiting Professor at Aarhus University (2011), at the Polish Institute of Anthropology (2009), at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim (2002-6), at Melbourne University (2004), and at Copenhagen University (2000). Before St. Andrews he held tenured positions at Manchester University (1989-1993) and Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (1988-1989).

Nigel Rapport’s research interests include: social theory; phenomenology; individual identity, character and consciousness; literary anthropology, narrative and aesthetics; symbolic interactionism, community studies and conversation analysis; globalization and cosmopolitanism, liberalism and freedom.

His recent books include: Community, Cosmopolitanism, and the Problem of Human Commonality [with Vered Amit] (Pluto 2012); Anyone, the Cosmopolitan Subject of Anthropology (Berghahn 2012); Distortion and Love: An Anthropological Reading of the Art and Life of Stanley Spencer (Ashgate 2016); and as editor: Human Nature as Capacity: Transcending Discourse and Classification (Berghahn 2010); Reveries of Home: Nostalgia, Authenticity and the Performance of Place [with S. Williksen] (Cambridge Scholars Publishing 2010); Reflections on Imagination, [with M. Harris] (Ashgate 2015).

Professor Nicholas RenggerSchool of International Relations

Nicholas Rengger1Rengger is Professor of Political Theory and International Relations at St Andrews and until 31 August 2016, will also be the Head of the School of International Relations. He was also (2011-2014) a Carnegie Council Global Ethics Fellow at the Carnegie Council for Ethics and International Affairs, New York (2011-2014) And now holds that position emeritus. He has held visiting positions at the London School of Economics (1992), University of Southern California (1995-6), and the Centre for Theology and Philosophy at the University Of Nottingham (2010), and has served on the Executive of the British International Studies Association (2003-2010), the Governing Council of the International Studies Association (2000-2001) and the Governing Council of the Royal Institute for International Affairs, Chatham House (1997-2001). He is a fellow of the Academia Europeaea.

With a background in general intellectual history, philosophy, and political and international theory, his scholarly and teaching interests range across International Relations, Politics, Theology, Philosophy, Social Thought and History and he therefore works across and between disciplines as well as within them.

Advisory Board

Dame Elish Angiolini QC, Principal of St Hugh’s College Oxford, and formerly Lord Advocate of Scotland


The Right Honourable Dame Elish Angiolini QC became, in 2001, the first woman, the first solicitor and the first Procurator Fiscal to be appointed as the Solicitor General for Scotland. She created another piece of history when she became the first solicitor to be appointed Queen’s Counsel. In 2006 Dame Elish became the first woman in 500 years to be appointed as Lord Advocate, Scotland’s senior Law Officer and she created another legal first in 2008 when she and Frank Mulholland QC, the then Solicitor General were admitted as members of the Faculty of Advocates.

She was appointed Dame Commander of the British Empire in May 2011 for services to the administration of Justice and in June 2011 in Seoul, Korea , she received the Special Achievement Award from the International Association of Prosecutors in recognition of her achievements in the field of Criminal Justice both nationally in Scotland and internationally. In June 2011 she was appointed as Chair of a new Commission set up to examine the issue of how female offenders are dealt with in the Criminal Justice System. Dame Elish was recently visiting Professor at the University of Strathclyde where she developed a Masters course in Advocacy studies, the first of its kind in the UK. In February 2012 Dame Elish was elected Principal of St Hugh’s College, Oxford, taking up the post in September 2012.

Sir John Hamilton Baker, QC, Downing Professor Emeritus of the Laws of England, Cambridge


Sir John Baker was Downing Professor of the Laws of England at the University of Cambridge from 1998 until 2011. His research interests include English legal history, especially in the early-modern period; history of the legal profession and the Inns of Court; and manuscript law reports and readings.  Alongside his academic career, he is a Barrister at both the Inner Temple and Gray’s Inn, and an Honorary Bencher at the Inner Temple.

His substantial list of publications most notably includes the Oxford History of the Laws of England, Volume VI: 1483-1558 (2003) and the frequently reprinted Introduction to English Legal History (1st ed. 1971, 2nd ed. 1979, 3rd ed. 1990, and 4th ed. 2002).  However, he has also published extensively on the Inns of Court, including Readings and Moots at the Inns of Court in the Fifteenth Century (2000) and most recently The Men of Court 1440 to 1550: A Prosopography of the Inns of Court and Chancery and the Courts of Law (2012).  He has further edited numerous collections of manuscripts and reports, including The Reports of Sir John Spelman  (1977), The Reports of William Dalison, 1552-1558 (2007), and Reports from the Time of Henry VIII (2003–04).

Professor Emanuele Conte, Professor of Law, Rome III

Conte 1

Professor of Legal History at the Università degli Studi di Roma Tre and Director of its Department of Legal History and Theory. Professor Conte has also taught at the University of Cagliari, University of Catania, and was a researcher at the University La Sapienza of Rome. He graduated cum laude in 1983 at the University La Sapienza of Rome, and received his Ph.D. in Medieval Legal History at the University of Milan. He has done research at the Max-Planck-Institut für Europäische Rechtsgeschichte Frankfurt am Main, and at the University of California at Berkeley. Professor Conte has held visiting professorships at Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona (Spain), the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, Paris (France), the University of Paris II Panthéon (France), the University of Toulouse I (France), the University of Paris X Nanterre and theEcole Normale Superieure Lettres et Sciences Humaines, Lyon. He has been visiting fellow at Cambridge University (Peterhouse). He serves as a member of the board of direction of the Rivista Internazionale di Diritto Comune, the board of editors of the e-review Forum Historiae Iuris(Berlin). He is also member of the scientific board of the Ecole Normale Superieure Lettres et Sciences Humaines, Lyon. He has given many papers and lectures in Italy, Germany, France, United Kingdom, USA, Switzerland, Finland, Denmark, Argentina and Spain. His books and other publications focus mainly on medieval and early modern legal history, on philology of legal texts and on the relationship between history and law in the 19th and 20th century.

Professor Malik DahlanPrincipal Institution Quraysh for Law & PolicyMD

Professor Dahlan is the Principal of Institution Quraysh for Law & Policy (iQ). He is an academic activist, multi-jurisdictional qualified lawyer, a public policy expert, an accredited international negotiator and mediator and a Fellow of the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators.

He was named a UN Constitutional Expert and served as a one of ten constitutional advisors for the United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq. He was Special Adviser to The Rt. Hon. The Lord Woolf of Barnes, former Chief Justice of England and Wales, on strategy and legal matters related to the Middle East. He has an established record as an international advocate for the Rule of Law and was the founding Director of the Qatar Law Forum of Global Leaders in Law assembled to launch the “Global Commitment to the Rule of Law” campaign in 2009. He started his policy career by spearheading the establishment of the Brookings Centre in Doha and was the Centre’s founding Director.

He writes and advises on various legal and policy matters covering statesmanship, Islamic law & statecraft, statehood, international regulatory law, dispute resolution, global and regional governance, legislative affairs, defence, energy policies, geopolitics and foreign relations. His latest publications include The Hijaz: Integration, Islamic Statehood and the Origins of Arab Self-Determination; a two-volume book on The Application of the Objectives of Islamic Law on Public Policy; and Hamza Shehata: Manliness (an English translation of a fascinating and thought provoking historic political philosophy lecture)

Among other functions, he is a Justice Associate for the Aspen Institute Justice & Society Program; the Chairman of GreenGulf Inc; International Chair of Harvard Law School Association; Board Director of the International Mediation Institute (IMI); and member of Massachusetts General Hospital President’s Council among others.

He is a Harvard lawyer and an Alem (Prof. Dr. jur) of the renowned Al-Azhar University where he was decorated with a Distinction and Honour Merit in the First Rank for his professorial qualification (Habilitation Higher Doctorate) in Law & Public Policy. He lectures at various universities both within and outside the UK.

Professor Lorna Hutson, Merton Professor of English Literature, Oxford University

Hutson1Lorna Hutson was educated in San Francisco and Edinburgh. She gained a Clothworkers’ Exhibition to read English at Oxford, receiving first-class M.A. honors in 1979, and her D.Phil. in 1983. After a research fellowship at Victoria University, New Zealand, Lorna was Lecturer and then Reader in Renaissance Studies at Queen Mary College, London until 1998. She was then Full Professor at the University of California at Berkeley for four years before coming to St Andrews as the Berry Professor of English Literature in 2004. Lorna has held fellowships from the Folger, the Huntington Library and the Guggenheim, and is a corresponding editor of the journal Representations. In 2016 Lorna took up the position of Merton Professor of English Literature at Oxford University.

Professor Hutson’s research interests are in the rhetorical bases of Renaissance literature, and in the relationship between literary form and the formal aspects of non-literary culture. Recent work includes the delivery of the Oxford Wells Shakespeare Lectures, 2012, on ‘Circumstantial Shakespeare’, the editing of Ben Jonson’s Discoveries (1641) for the Cambridge Complete Works of Ben Jonson (2012) and The Invention of Suspicion: Law and Mimesis in Shakespeare and Renaissance Drama (OUP, 2007, pbk 2011), which won the Roland Bainton Prize for Literature in 2008. She is currently working, with Bradin Cormack, on the Oxford Handbook of English Law and Literature, 1500-1700.

Lorna has also worked on Ben Jonson, on early modern women’s writing, on the history of sexuality, on friendship, feminism, rhetoric, law and on usury.

Professor Hector MacQueen, University of Edinburgh


Hector MacQueen has been a full-time Commissioner for the Scottish Law Commission since September 2009. He is also a member of the Edinburgh Law School, having taken his LL.B (1978) and Ph.D (1985) at Edinburgh. Appointed to the Chair of Private Law in 1994, he was Dean of the Law School 1999-2003, and Dean of Research and Deputy Head of the College of Humanities and Social Science in the University 2004-2008. He is on leave of absence January 2010-September 2017, while working as a Scottish Law Commissioner.

Professor MacQueen has previously held visiting appointments at Cornell University in the USA, the University of Utrecht in the Netherlands, and Stetson University College of Law (‘Florida’s first law school’). He has been a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh since 1995 and was elected a Fellow of the British Academy in 2006. Professor MacQueen was President of the Society of Legal Scholars 2012-2013. He was also Vice-President (Humanities) of the RSE 2008-2011 and was a member of the Law subject standing committee of the British Academy 2010-2014.

Professor MacQueen’s research and teaching focus on three major areas: (1) the history of law; (2) the private law of obligations; and (3) intellectual property. His work is generally centred on Scots law, but emphasises the significance of the comparative and especially the European context for a full understanding of the ‘mixed’ Scottish system and its future as well as its past development. It also argues that ‘mixed systems’ can help us understand the likely trajectory of European private law in the future.

Lord (Professor Raymond) Plant, Professor of Jurisprudence and Political Philosophy, King’s College London


Professor Raymond Plant joined the Dickson Poon School of Law in January 2002 as Professor of Jurisprudence and Political Philosophy. He was previously Master of St. Catherine’s College Oxford from 1994 -2000 and before that, Professor of European Political Thought at the University of Southampton. He is a Labour Peer and sits in the House of Lords with the title of Lord Plant of Highfield. In the Lords he has acted as a member of the Joint Committee on Human Rights and of the Government and Law Sub Committee of the Committee on European Communities. He has given lecture series at a range of universities: The Agnes Cumming Lectures at University College Dublin; the Sarum Lectures at Oxford University; The Stanton Lectures (twice) at Cambridge University; the Ferguson Lectures at Manchester University; the Scott Holland Lectures at Manchester University; and The Stevenson Lectures at Glasgow University. He gave the G.Ganz Lecture at Southampton University on “Reflections on the Rule of Law in the UK” (2005); the Boutwood Lectures in Cambridge on “The Neo Liberal State and the Rule of Law” (2006) and the Bampton Lectures at Oxford University on “Religion, Citizenship and Liberal Pluralism” (2007). He was Gresham Professor of Divinity at Gresham College (a Chair established in the College in 1597 ) and Vincent Wright Professor Of Political Science at Sciences Po in Paris in 2008-9 and is currently a Fellow of St Catherine’s College, Oxford and of Harris Manchester College, Oxford. He is also a member of the Nuffield Council on Bioethics.

Professor Mark D. West, Dean and Nippon Life Professor of Law, University of Michigan Law School

Professor Mark W. West

Mark D. West, the Nippon Life Professor of Law and dean of the University of Michigan Law School, teaches Japanese Law, Criminal Law, and Enterprise Organization. Dean West’s research focuses primarily on Japanese law. He is the author or coauthor of five books, including Law in Everyday Japan and the casebook The Japanese Legal System. He has published dozens of articles and essays in Michigan Law Review, the University of Chicago Law Review, the University of Pennsylvania Law Review, the American Journal of Comparative Law, the Journal of Legal Studies, Law and Society Review, and (in Japanese) Jurisuto, Horitsu Jiho, and Leviathan, among others. His publications explore such diverse topics as shareholder derivative suits, the evolution of corporate law, the education and career development of Japanese lawyers, and the ways in which Japanese court opinions frame love, sex, and marriage. Dean West joined the Michigan Law faculty in 1998. He served as director of the University’s Center for Japanese Studies from 2003 to 2007, and as the Law School’s associate dean for academic affairs from 2008 to 2013. He has been an Abe Fellow at the University of Tokyo and a Fulbright Scholar and Fellow of the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science at Kyoto University. Before entering academia, Dean West practiced law at the firm Paul, Weiss, Rifkind, Wharton & Garrison LLP in New York and Tokyo. He clerked for the Hon. Eugene H. Nickerson of the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of New York. He has a BA from Rhodes College and a JD from Columbia Law School.


Dr Will Eves, School of History, University of St Andrews / Research Associate, Institute of Historical Research

Will recently completed his PhD Borderthesis at the University of St Andrews entitled ‘The Assize of Mort d’Ancestor From Glanvill to Bracton, c.1176- 1230′. He previously held a 2015-16 Junior Research Fellowship (Scouloudi) at the Institute of Historical Research. He holds an LL.B from the University of Warwick, an LL.M, also from Warwick, and an M.Litt in Medieval History from the University of St Andrews. Will’s LL.M was in international law, human rights, and law in development. He maintains an interest in the procedural and substantive development of international criminal, humanitarian, and human rights law. This also provides interesting parallels with the emergence of early English Common law norms and procedures, the latter forming the basis of his PhD thesis in English Legal History.

Advisory Assistant

Dr Rachel E HolmesCRASSH / Faculty of English, University of Cambridge

Dr Rachel E. HolmesDr Rachel E. Holmes is now a Research Associate on the ERC-funded project Crossroads of Knowledge in Early Modern England: The Place of Literature at CRASSH/The Faculty of English, University of Cambridge.

She works transnationally on early modern European law and literature, with a particular focus on contractual faith and the difficult status of proof in sexual matters. She is currently revising for publication a monograph on Casos de Honra: Clandestine Contracts in Early Modern Law and Literature, which argues that the popularity of the clandestine marriage plot in literature corresponds closely to developments and emerging conflicts in matrimonial and contract law. Her postdoctoral work explores the keen social interest in early modern Europe in the high stakes of defining and distinguishing rape from other kinds of sexual contracts.